Use this edible sedimentary rock activity to start to learn about the rock cycle and fun way to introduce Geology and earth science to kids.

Sedimentary rocks are one of the three types of rocks along with igneous and metamorphic.

Making edible rock layers is a great way to visualize how the rocks are formed.

Pinnable image for edible rock cycle experiment to make some sedimentary rock

Learning about Sedimentary Rocks for Kids

Start by showing your child a sedimentary rock. Try to choose one with several visible layers like the one I have here.

sedimentary rock picture on a white background

Ask your child to look at the rock.

  • Why do you think the rock has layers (stripes/different colors)?
  • How do you think the rock formed?

Sedimentary rocks are made from sediments – bits of dirt, sand, rocks, shells, bones, etc. – that settle into layers. The older layers are on the bottom. They settled first. With a little bit of pressure and time, the sediments stick together and form the rocks we see.

rock core sample to show the layers of sedimentary rock

If you have access to one, show your child a rock core sample. Many university geology departments have rock piles where they toss unwanted rocks. You can usually find a lot of core samples – cylindrical shaped rocks that have been cut from a larger rock. The core samples show the layers of sediment and different rocks very well.

After looking at real rocks, it’s time to visualize the rock formation process by making edible sedimentary rocks. We used layers of rice cereal, chocolate chips, and M&M’s to make our edible rocks. Kids can help with the steps of the recipe under adult supervision. Give your child tasks you know he or she can handle safely.

preview pages from a printable Rock Cycle Activity Pack for Early Elementary Kids includes Rock Cycle Poster, Rock Testing Sample Sheet and more activities to support learning about the rock cycle

Rock Cycle Activity Pack $5.00

Printable Pack with poster, worksheets and rock testing sample sheet to support learning about The Rock Cycle.

We have included affiliate links to some of the products and resources as an associate we may earn from qualifying purchases.

Check out some of these excellent resources by clicking through from our affiliate links that you can add to your home or classroom for studying sedimentary rocks.

Possible one of my favourite series of books these DK Eyewitness guides are great and although saying pocket they are full of facts. This rock and minerals version is full of facts and information about different rocks and minerals that you and your children could find.

This is another great book that focuses more specifically on Sedimentary rocks and on how they are formed looking at erosion and the different ways that it takes place. The book is available from Amazon USA and Amazon UK

If you struggle to find sedimentary rocks locally  then this set of 12 different sedimentary rocks is a great collection to have at home from Education Insights in the USA (available on Amazon) and Learning Resources in the UK (available on Amazon as well)

Recommended books to read and keep on rocks, fossils and Earth science for kids of all ages. With fiction and non-fiction recommendations but full of factual accounts plus hands-on activity books there are ideas to inspire and inform kids to want to learn more.

Even more book recommendation for investigating and learning about Rocks, Fossils, and Earth Science in our Reading Recommendations for Kid Geologists.

Ingredients for these Sedimentary Edible Rocks

  • 3 Cups rice cereal
  • 3 Cups mini marshmallows
  • 4 Tablespoons butter
  • Pinch of salt
  • Splash of vanilla extract
  • Mini chocolate chips
  • M&M’s, other candies, or more chocolate chips
  • Cooking spray or oil to coat the pan

How to Make the Sedimentary Rocks that you can Eat with Kids

  • Melt the butter in a sauce pan on low heat.
  • Remove pan from heat.
  • Add mini marshmallows one cup at a time stirring to melt.
  • You can add the pan back to the heat as needed to melt the marshmallows.
  • Melting the marshmallows slowly will result in a softer treat.
  • Once the marshmallows have melted into the butter, add the salt and vanilla.
  • Stir in the rice cereal.
  • Coat the bottom and sides of an 8″ x 8″ pan with a thin layer of oil. I use a paper towel to wipe out the excess.
  • Add half of the rice cereal and marshmallow mixture to the pan.
  • Use a rubber spatula to press it down into a flat layer.
  • Cover this layer with mini chocolate chips. You’ll want to use more than the picture below. I wanted our chocolate layer to be thicker than we got. (That’s what happens when you let the kids be in charge of adding the chocolate chips.)
layer of rice krispies and chocolate chips for easy sedimentary rock
  • Add another layer of the rice cereal and marshmallow mixture.
  • Press down firmly to make sure the layers all stick together.
  • Top with M&M’s, other candies, or more chocolate chips.
adding another layer of ingredients to our sedimentary rock experiment

Allow the edible sedimentary rocks to cool for at least an hour. Cut into squares and serve.

finished edible sedimentary rock experiment for kids

Talk about the layers you see. How many are there? Which layer is the oldest? Which layer is the newest?

Help your children understand the formation of the different types of rocks with this simple edible sedimentary rock activity that they can make and eat.

Edible Sedimentary Rocks for Kids to Make

Try this rock activity for kids to make edible rocks ideal for in the classroom or home.
4.34 from 3 votes
Print Pin Rate
Author: Trisha Stanley

Ingredients

  • 3 Cups rice cereal
  • 3 Cups mini marshmallows
  • 4 Tablespoons butter
  • 1 Pinch salt
  • 1/4 tsp vanilla extract
  • 1/4 cup Mini chocolate chips
  • 1/4 cup M&M’s other candies, or more chocolate chips
  • Cooking spray or oil to coat the pan

Instructions

  • Melt the butter in a sauce pan on low heat.
  • Remove pan from heat.
  • Add mini marshmallows one cup at a time stirring to melt.
  • You can add the pan back to the heat as needed to melt the marshmallows. Melting the marshmallows slowly will result in a softer treat.
  • Once the marshmallows have melted into the butter, add the salt and vanilla.
  • Stir in the rice cereal.
  • Coat the bottom and sides of an 8″ x 8″ pan with a thin layer of oil. I use a paper towel to wipe out the excess.
  • Add half of the rice cereal and marshmallow mixture to the pan.
  • Use a rubber spatula to press it down into a flat layer.
  • Cover this layer with mini chocolate chips. You’ll want to use more than the picture below. I wanted our chocolate layer to be thicker than we got. (That’s what happens when you let the kids be in charge of adding the chocolate chips.)
  • Add another layer of the rice cereal and marshmallow mixture.
  • Press down firmly to make sure the layers all stick together.
  • Top with M&M’s, other candies, or more chocolate chips.
  • Allow the edible sedimentary rocks to cool for at least an hour. Cut into squares and serve.
Tried this recipe?Mention @rainydaymum or tag #rainydaymum!

Video

edible igneous rock experiment making honey comb

Discover the next part of our Rocks Series with step by step instructions on making Edible Igneous Rocks and then finish off by making Edible Metamorphic Rocks too.

edible metamorphic rock, walnut and cranberry fudge

More Rock Activities for Kids

Author
Trisha Stanley

Trisha is an educator with a passion for science literacy and mom to Aiden, Lily, and Elon.

She’s the creator of Inspiration Laboratories, a blog dedicated to encouraging learning through creativity and play.

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